Why is it important to have a beautiful smile?

There are two orders of reason for taking care of your teeth and your smile: a functional reason related to correct chewing and a psychological reason, as having healthy teeth increases your well-being and self-esteem.

What are biomaterials and what are they for?

Biomaterials are inert substances used to repair or replace damaged bone tissue in the oral cavity.

These materials are used in various areas of medicine, but mainly in the orthopaedic and dental fields.

There are two main macro-categories in which biomaterials can be divided: bone substitutes and membranes. Membranes are used to protect bone substitute in the area of intervention.

Bone substitutes, based on their origin, are divided into:

  1. Human origin: it is the patient’s autologous bone taken from some parts of the body;
  2. Animal origin: it is a substitute created following a production process in which a bone of bovine, equine or porcine origin is treated; this category is referred to as heterologous bone or xenografts;
  3. Synthetic origin: it is a synthetic material coming from a chemical process.

What are the causes of bone loss and when is reconstruction necessary?

Bone loss can be caused by several factors, a typical example is the inflammation of the gums due to bacterial plaque which if not removed with adequate oral hygiene, affects the bone. In other cases, following a tooth extraction, bone thickness could be reduced.

Regardless of the causes of bone loss, the most important thing is to proceed with a timely restoration of bone volume to ensure a rapid functional recovery of chewing and ensure long-term stability of teeth and implants and improve the aesthetics of teeth and gums.

Why are biomaterials used?

Despite the characteristic hardness and strength, the bone is not a static tissue, but it changes continuously and continually repairs itself. This process is called bone remodelling. Every year about 10% of our total bone mass is renewed.

The bone substitute favours the process of regeneration and healing of the surgical wound.

How does bone reconstruction contribute to implant stabilization?

Following the extraction of a tooth, near the extractive alveolus, both bone and gum tend to a progressive and natural reduction in their volume.

In order to guarantee stability to the implants, it is good to fill the extracted cavities with a biomaterial that will help to maintain the bone volume unaltered and to maintain stability around the implant screw.

What are the post-operative indications to be adopted after surgery?

It is necessary to adopt appropriate post-operative behaviours aimed at minimizing recovery times and minimizing the occurrence of any complications.

Below we list the five main post-operative indications to be adopted after a bone regeneration intervention.

  • Treat any swelling with cold compresses;
  • In case of pain, ask the dentist, if he has not already done so, for an adequate pain reliever;
  • For the first few weeks, during daily oral hygiene procedures, avoid the operated area and use an antibacterial mouthwash. At a later stage it is advisable to use a brush with soft bristles in the area surrounding the wound;
  • Avoid coffee, alcohol and cigarettes for 2–3 days after surgery - this reduces the risk of post-operative bleeding and improves wound healing; smoking and insufficient oral hygiene can have a significant negative impact on the outcome of therapy.
  • Be sure to establish check-ups with your dentist even if healing proceeds smoothly.

In case of pain or any doubt, always contact your dentist.

Informative Note

The information contained in this booklet is for information purpose only and in no case can replace the opinion and medical advice of your dentist. In case of doubts or for information, always contact your dentist.
We certify that the entire range of medical devices described above is CE marked and manufactured in accordance with the requirements of Directive 93/42 / EEC implemented in Italy with the DLGS. n. 46 dated 24-02-97 and subsequent amendments. The company operates in compliance with UNI EN ISO 9001 standards.

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